Stabilization of Loose Teeth
Occlusal (biting) trauma occurs when either excessive force with function is present or compromised support (bone loss) of the teeth occurs. This leads to mobile or loose teeth. Slight mobility can be tolerated but when mobility increases to the point where it is noticeable or uncomfortable upon chewing, treatment may be necessary. The teeth can be stabilized or splinted together to decrease the damage of the biting trauma.
There are many techniques that can be utilized to accomplish stabilization. These include Extracoronal, attached on the outside of the teeth or Intracoronal, embedded into tooth structure-requiring preparation to create a channel.
Materials used depend on the technique chosen. They can be:
- stainless steel bars
- bonding material
- fiber mesh
- a combination of materials
A complete occlusal (bite) evaluation is performed prior to recommending the most appropriate treatment for tooth mobility.
Types of Extracorontal Stabilization
Examples of Intracronal Stabilization
with Wire Ligation and Bonding
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